Ozark Mountain Folk Fair
The Ozark Mountain Folk Fair was a music festival and craft fair held north of Eureka Springs (Carroll County) in 1973 on Memorial Day weekend (May 26–28). The festival drew an audience from around the United States, with an estimated attendance of up to 30,000, and featured a diverse mix of rock, blues, bluegrass, gospel, country, and folk music performances.
The rise of 1960s and early 1970s counterculture throughout America was especially relevant within the environmental back-to-the-land movement burgeoning in the Arkansas Ozarks, in which people sought a more mindful and sustainable way of life and rejected commercial aspects of society. In this culture, journalist Edd Jeffords, founder of the Ozark Mountain Folklore Association, organized the Ozark Mountain Folk Fair. The setting for the festival was ten miles north of Eureka Springs off Highway 23 on 120 acres of wooded hills christened the Oak Hill EcoPark. The land was partially cleared to create a natural, 108,000-square-foot amphitheater designed by architect Albert Skiles and built to accommodate 40,000 spectators.
The Ozark Folk Fair included areas for natural foods concessions, the Crafts Village space for more than sixty artists and craft vendors, and a section of land for camping and access to water, in addition to the main amphitheater. Tickets cost twelve dollars in advance for the weekend or five dollars per day. A first-aid tent was constructed and staffed by physicians who, aside from one case of snake bite, mostly treated cuts, bruises, and drug overdoses.
The festival featured music from Earl Scruggs, John Lee Hooker, Big Mama Thornton, Ramblin’ Jack Elliott, Leo Kottke, Mason Proffit, the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, and Stone County native Jimmy Driftwood, among many others. Two daily music shows were scheduled from noon to 5:00 p.m. and from 7:00 p.m. to midnight. Documentary filmmaker Les Blank attended to record a film, and a team of photographers was organized to document the festival.
Concurrent with (and in some conflict with) the countercultural movement within Eureka Springs was the resurgence in popularity of Christian-based tourism driven largely by the Five Sacred Projects (including the Great Passion Play and the Christ of the Ozarks statue) undertaken in the city by Gerald L. K. Smith. Proselytizers from a local street ministry attended the festival to pass out copies of the New Testament, and John Michael Talbot, guitarist for Mason Proffit, is said to have been moved by what he saw during the festival to quit the band and purchase land nearby for his Little Portion Hermitage in Berryville (Carroll County).
Although the three days were plagued by heavy rainfall and resulting muddy conditions, the festival was considered by many to be a great cultural success. Despite plans to make the Folk Fair an annual event, it was a unique occurrence; pressure from local business owners, religious leaders, and law enforcement agencies was said to have contributed to the singularity of the event. These groups opposed the lifestyle and drug culture associated with most of the festivalgoers drawn to the area, and they feared that another festival would drive other tourists away. The Ozark Folk Fair can be viewed, however, as a marker for the beginning of the liberal cultural influence of environmentalists, musicians, and artists that, in part, characterizes Eureka Springs in the twenty-first century.
For additional information:
Griffith, April. “Ozark Mountain Folk Fair: History in Our Backyard.” The Back-Stay: A Blog from the Shiloh Museum of Ozark History. http://shilohmuseum.org/wordpress/ozark-mountain-folk-fair-history-in-our-backyard/ (accessed August 14, 2014).
Mathis, Jim. Ozark Mountain Folk Festival: May 1973. Overland Park, KS: MathisPhoto, 2009.
“Ozark Mountain Folkfair Begins May 26.” Northwest Arkansas Times, May 18, 1973, p. 10.
Pryor, Tim. “Area Residents Attend Folk Fair.” Lawrence Daily Journal, May 29, 1973, p. 3.
Stockslager, Mary. “Despite Rain, Other Problems, Ozark Folkfair Finishes Stand.” Springdale News, May 28, 1973, p.8.
———. “Folkfair Work Goes on, Despite Rain.” Springdale News, May 25, 1973, p.11.
Shiloh Museum of Ozark History
Last Updated: 03/04/2015