Allen Tire Company and Gas Station

The Allen Tire Company and Gas Station is a Craftsman-style, purpose-built gas station located in Prescott (Nevada County). Constructed in 1924, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 25, 2001.

The building was constructed by Henry Harrison Allen after his retirement from the lumber industry in 1924. Built on the corner of the same lot as his home, the station is located at 228 First Street Southwest. (First Street is also U.S. Highway 67.) The Allen family operated a combined gas station and tire company in the building, and for at least part of that period, the station sold Magnolia-brand gasoline. Allen operated the station until his death in 1936. Allen’s daughter Thorn Hesterly took over operation of the business following his death, and the building then served as a restaurant, insurance company, and hair salon, as well as additional periods as a gas station. Upon Hesterly’s death in 1996, the property was sold to the Hamilton family, who demolished the family home next to the station. Private owners purchased the property in 2013.

The building faces southeast and is fronted by a large arched car canopy. A concrete sidewalk separates the building from the street. The canopy is supported by two arches constructed from brick pillars. A raised platform with a gas pump was located under the canopy but was removed at an unknown date. The gas pumps were formerly located under these arches but were removed in 1996. Another set of small arches is located between the large arches of the canopy and the main building. Two doors are located on the front of the building, with a wooden single-leaf door with a three-paned window topped by a transom located to the left and a wooden light door to the right followed by a set of three-over-one windows. The door on the left opens to the women’s restroom, while the other door leads into the building. The men’s restroom is located inside of the building. The exterior of the building includes bricks on the lower half topped with a stucco veneer. On part of the building, the original brick has been covered with vinyl siding. Two windows are present on southwest side of the building, while one is located on the northeast side. A small metal building has been attached to the rear of the structure.

Several Craftsman details appear throughout the structure, including the many arches and the exposed raftertails. Other Craftsman details include the three-over-one windows located on the front of the building and the brick and stucco exterior. It is the last Craftsman-style service station remaining in Prescott in the twenty-first century.

By 2019, the station was abandoned. A fire on an unknown date destroyed part of the southwest wall and caused heavy damage to other portions of the building.

For additional information:
“Allen Tire Company and Gas Station.” National Register for Historic Places registration form. On file at Arkansas Historic Preservation Office, Little Rock, Arkansas. Online at http://www.arkansaspreservation.com/National-Register-Listings/PDF/NE0072.nr.pdf (accessed December 16, 2019).

David Sesser
Henderson State University

Last Updated: 12/16/2019