November 5, 1862
James Camp Tappan was promoted to the rank of brigadier general. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Tappan had joined the Confederate army and was commissioned colonel of the Thirteenth Arkansas Infantry Regiment in May 1861. The Thirteenth Arkansas first saw action under Tappan at the Battle of Belmont, Missouri, under the command of General Leonidas Polk, who commended Tappan on his military skills during the engagement. Tappan was a Confederate general, lawyer, and politician from Helena (Phillips County). After the war, he established a law firm in Helena (Phillips County) with Major J. J. Horner and was reelected to the state House of Representatives in 1897, serving until 1900, including a stint as speaker of the house from 1897 to 1898.