June 20, 1921

The Arkansas Supreme Court ruled against the Moore defendants, six of twelve African-American men convicted and sentenced to death for their supposed roles in what later came to be known as the Elaine Massacre. In response, lawyers Scipio Jones and Edgar McHaney filed a writ of error with the U.S. Supreme Court. Though some local white residents of Phillips County still contend that whites at the time acted appropriately to prevent a slaughter in the Elaine area in 1919, the modern view of most historians is that white mobs unjustifiably killed an undetermined number of African Americans. Race relations in this area of Arkansas are currently quite strained for a number of reasons, including the events of 1919.

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