Seminole Indian chief Halpatter-Micco (a.k.a. Billy Bowlegs); 1852. As superintendent of Indian Affairs, Elias Rector oversaw the removal of Halpatter-Micco, known as the “King of the Everglades,” to Indian Territory.

Native American man in traditional garb and headdress

Courtesy of the Smithsonian Institution; photo taken in New Orleans by John Hawley Clarke