William H. Grey Gravesite
The William H. Grey Gravesite is the last remaining physical property associated with one of the state’s most prominent African-American Masonic, religious, and political leaders. The gravesite, which is located in Magnolia Cemetery in Helena-West Helena (Phillips County), was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 27, 2019.
William Henry Grey was born free in Washington DC on December 22, 1829. By 1863, he had moved to Helena, Arkansas, and was engaged in the grocery and bakery business. Grey participated in a convention held in Little Rock (Pulaski County) by African Americans in 1865 to discuss the betterment of Black Arkansans. Having gained a reputation as an outstanding speaker at this convention, he was chosen as one of eight Black delegates to the Arkansas 1867 constitutional convention. He emerged from the convention as a leader and was elected to the Arkansas General Assembly. In 1872, as a delegate to the Republican National Convention, he seconded the nomination of Ulysses S. Grant, becoming the first African American to address a national presidential nominating convention. He served as the commissioner of Immigration and State Lands from 1872 to 1874. Grey was a leader of the Masons and served as the first Grand Master of the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge (Colored) of Free and Accepted Masons of Arkansas. He died in 1888, likely from a stroke.
His gravesite is marked by an impressive seven-tiered sandstone obelisk that was erected in his memory by the Masons of Arkansas. The monument is engraved with a number of decorations and symbols, all on the east side. The three remaining sides remain smooth with exception of the seventh tier.
At the peak of the top tier is a biblical star with the Masonic square and compass below.
On the second tier, engraved in all capital letters is:
W. H. GREY
WASHINGTON D.C. DEC. 22, 1829
DIED IN HELENA, ARK.
NOV. 8, 1888
While the third tier exhibits only a simple anchor, the fourth is engraved with a number of Masonic symbols. Starting on the left is a bell, followed by a pillar, topped by the sun. Next is an open book with the Masonic square and compass engraved on its pages topped by an eye with rays of light. Continuing right is a second pillar topped by a crescent moon and surrounding stars. The engraving is completed with a ladder on the far right. All of these are known to have Masonic significance.
The fifth tier consists of fourteen lines of biographical information all in capital letters:
WAS MADE A MASON IN ST. JOHN’S LODGE. CINCINNATI O. 1852
MEMBER OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION OF ARK. 1868
REPRESENTATIVE OF THE ARKANSAS LEGISLATURE 1868
CIRCUIT CLERK AND RECORDER OF DEEDS OF
PHILLIPS CO. ARK. 1870
SECOND TIME ELECTED REPRESENTATIVE OF
PHILLIPS CO. IN THE ARKANSAS LEGISLATURE 1872
DELEGATE TO THE NATIONAL CONVENTION 1872
STATE LAND COMMISSIONER OF ARKANSAS AND COMMITTEE
OF IMMIGRATION 1872
APPOINTED COMMISSIONER TO REPRESENT THE STATE
OF ARK. IN THE VIENNA EXPOSITION IN AUSTRIA 1873
ELECTED 1ST GR. MASTER OF THE F & A M OF ARK 1873
ELECTED CLERK OF PHILLIPS CO. AND PROBATE CLERK 1876
The sixth tier of the monument contains a poetic verse.
Up all the [illegible] graded steps.
From Life obscure to Fame
Thous’t studied, toiled, pray and fought
To leave thy race a name—
A name in legislature hall.
And high official station.
The highest in the mystic craft.
Worthy of emulation.
Following the poem is information on the origin of the monument all in capital letters.
ERECTED TO THE MEMORY OF
W. H. GREY
BY THE MASONS OF THE STATE OF ARKANSAS
The seventh and final tier is bare of any engravings and is left rough on all sides.
In the twenty-first century, the monument is in a fairly good state of preservation, although the top tier has a slight twist. There are small chips on various parts of the surface of the obelisk and the base shows minor deterioration.
For additional information:
Dillard, Tom W. “Three Important Black Leaders in Phillips County History.” Phillips County Historical Quarterly 19 (December 1980–March 1981): 10–21.
St. Hilaire, Joseph M. “The Negro Delegates in the Arkansas Constitutional Convention of 1868: A Group Profile.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 33 (Spring 1974): 38–69.
“William H. Grey Gravesite.” National Register of Historic Places registration form. On file at Arkansas Historic Preservation Program, Little Rock, Arkansas. Online at https://www.arkansasheritage.com/docs/default-source/national-registry/grey-pdf.pdf?sfvrsn=6ed4e6ab_0 (accessed June 17, 2021).
CALS Encyclopedia of Arkansas
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