Capital Punishment

aka: Death Penalty

The death penalty was practiced in Arkansas even before the state was admitted to the Union in 1836, with the first legally sanctioned execution reportedly occurring at Arkansas Post in 1820. The Arkansas criminal code provides for the death penalty or life without parole upon conviction of capital murder or treason. Those convicted of rape were also subject to the death penalty until January 1, 1976, prior to the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Coker v. Georgia that a death sentence for rape of an adult woman was disproportionate to the crime and violated the Eighth Amendment.

The first Arkansas penitentiary was authorized in 1838. Shortly thereafter, the state purchased ninety-two acres for $12 per acre and authorized $80,500 to construct the prison. It began operation in 1841 on the site of the current Arkansas State Capitol, a location that was then west of the Little Rock (Pulaski County) city limits. Convict labor was used to build it. There were relatively few beds because most of the convicts were leased to plantation owners, farmers, manufacturers, mining companies, and others who were responsible for their housing, food, healthcare, and security. The system not only paid for the cost of the penitentiary but also provided a surplus to the state treasury most years. However, over the years, a number of scandals arose over the treatment of convict labor. The most egregious was in 1880 when twenty percent of the convicts died while on contract. The practice finally ended in 1913, when the Arkansas General Assembly undertook a penitentiary reform effort. Another aspect of this reform was the centralization of executions at the State Penitentiary in Little Rock. Previously, prisoners were sentenced to death in the county where they were convicted. The law specified that electrocution was to be used to carry out the death sentence.

Isaac Parker, a two-term Republican congressman from Missouri, was appointed by President Ulysses S. Grant as the federal judge for the Western District of Arkansas in 1875. The district had jurisdiction over the Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma). During his twenty-one-year tenure, Judge Parker tried 344 capital cases and sentenced 160 men to death by hanging. Only seventy-nine were actually hanged; the rest died in jail, had their sentences overturned on appeal, or were pardoned. Parker favored the abolition of the death penalty but felt he had to adhere strictly to the letter of the law.

The Arkansas General Assembly passed several laws affecting capital punishment in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Act 24 of 1887 outlawed public executions, with senators noting during deliberations that “public executions brought to bear evil thoughts to some and others death by traveling many miles in the hot sun to witness an execution.” The law ordered that the gallows would be surrounded by an enclosure and that no more than twenty-five people would be allowed inside to witness the execution.

An exception was enacted in 1901 in response to public reaction to the conviction of John Wesley in a rape case in Arkadelphia (Clark County). A legislator, fearing that Wesley would be lynched if his hanging were private, shepherded Act 58 of 1901 through the General Assembly in just fourteen days, mandating that executions in rape cases be public. The Arkansas Democrat opined that Wesley’s execution, which was attended by 2,000 people, “would serve to impress the negroes with the enormity of such crimes as Wesley committed and perhaps deter some scoundrel from a like attempt.”

Four men, all Black, would be executed for rape over the next four years. Charles Anderson was the first, being hanged in Little Rock (Pulaski County) on July 26, 1901, with the Arkansas Gazette noting that “about 10,000 persons, men, women and children, white and colored, witnessed the execution.” Essex Pipkin (or Pippin) was hanged in Vanndale (Cross County) on October 11, 1901, and while news accounts did not include information on the number of spectators, “the hanging was in public, in accordance with the…law.” Hal Mahone’s November 7, 1902, execution in Van Buren (Crawford County) drew “a motley crowd variously estimated at from 2,000 to 5,000,” while Elisha Davis’s June 25, 1904, hanging in Pine Bluff (Jefferson County) was “witnessed by about 5,000 persons, the most of whom were white people.”

The rape exception was rescinded the next year by Act 295 of 1905, which again made all executions private, while Act 61 of that legislature mandated that in change-of-venue cases in which someone was convicted of a capital crime, the execution would be conducted in the county where the crime took place instead of the county where the verdict was rendered. That issue became moot when Act 55 of 1913 ordered that all executions would be conducted at the Arkansas State Penitentiary. One last local execution (and the state’s last execution by hanging) took place after the passage of this law at the Paris (Logan County) jail on July 15, 1914; the condemned, John Arthur Tillman, had been convicted of killing his girlfriend, then putting her body in a well and filling the well with stones. The first man to die under the new law calling for electrocution to be used was Lee Sims from Prairie County.

The last prisoner to be electrocuted  in Arkansas was John Edward Swindler on June 13, 1990. Swindler was also the first execution since 1964. In 1972, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled capital punishment as practiced in Georgia to be unconstitutional (Furman v. Georgia), a ruling that effectively suspended capital punishment laws throughout the United States. The Arkansas Gazette reported on June 30, 1972, that “Old Sparky,” the chair used for electrocutions in Arkansas, had been found stored in a closet at Tucker Intermediate Reformatory, saying, “The diesel engine used to produce the high voltage for electrocutions is stored in the prison garage.” The death penalty was reenacted in Arkansas in 1977 after the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Gregg v. Georgia in 1976 affirmed the new procedures adopted by the State of Georgia.

In 1983, the Arkansas General Assembly adopted lethal injection as the method of execution. Anyone convicted before that law was enacted could choose electrocution or lethal injection. Charles Singleton was the last inmate with that choice. He chose lethal injection and died on January 6, 2004.

The Arkansas law provides that capital murder charges are to be tried in Circuit Court with mandatory review by the Arkansas Supreme Court. Conviction will result in one of two sentences: death by lethal injection or life in prison without possibility of parole. The trial is conducted in two phases—guilt/innocence and penalty. The jury must vote unanimously to impose the death penalty. Otherwise, the trial judge must impose life without parole.

In 1993, the criminal code was amended to create a mitigating circumstance for mental retardation in capital murder cases. The prosecutor must prove that a person with an intelligence quotient (IQ) of sixty-five or less knows the difference between right and wrong. This change in the law occurred in large part due to public reaction to the execution of Rickey Ray Rector on January 24, 1992. Apparently not understanding his situation, Rector left a piece of pecan pie from his last meal and remarked that he would eat it later, after the execution.

The governor has the power to grant clemency. Governor Winthrop Rockefeller, who declared a moratorium on executions when he took office in 1967, granted clemency to all fifteen men on death row on December 29, 1970. Clemency has been granted to a death row inmate only once since the death penalty was reestablished in 1977. Governor Mike Huckabee commuted the death sentence of Bobby Ray Fretwell on February 5, 1999. “I had rather face the anger of the people than the wrath of God,” Huckabee said of his decision.

According to Marlin Shipman, “The decade of the 1930s produced more state-sanctioned killing in Arkansas than any other decade during the twentieth century. Fifty-three men were electrocuted in the state’s electric chair.” Death row is located at the Varner SuperMax Prison south of Grady (Lincoln County).

The death penalty continues to draw support from both political parties and a majority of the citizens of Arkansas. Bill Clinton returned from campaigning in the New Hampshire Presidential Primary in 1992 in order to sign the warrant for Rickey Ray Rector’s execution. However, that support had begun to decline at the start of the twenty-first century as questions arose about fairness in regard to race or ethnicity and the possibility of executing an innocent person. In fact, the 2009 Arkansas General Assembly established a Legislative Task Force on Criminal Justice to study critical issues regarding major felonies including capital punishment.

On June 22, 2012, the Arkansas Supreme Court struck down Arkansas’s death penalty law because of a provision that said the Department of Correction could choose the drugs used in executions. The court ruled that the legislature had to set the quantity and type of drugs used. Due to a shortage of one of the drugs used in lethal injection, sodium thiopental, and legal challenges surrounding the execution methods, Arkansas had not executed an inmate since 2005. The Arkansas General Assembly passed a new death penalty law in 2013; it faced immediate legal challenges but was ruled constitutional by the Arkansas Supreme Court on March 19, 2015. In August 2015, Attorney General Leslie Rutledge announced that the state had purchased drugs to carry out the death penalty, and on September 9, 2015, Governor Asa Hutchinson set the execution dates for eight inmates. However, Circuit Judge Wendell Griffen soon thereafter issued an order temporarily halting the executions in the wake of a lawsuit seeking information on the drugs the state had obtained.

On June 23, 2016, the Arkansas Supreme Court upheld the state law keeping confidential information on lethal injection drugs. Governor Hutchinson later scheduled eight executions to occur within a ten-day period starting on April 17, 2017, on account of the imminent expiration of the state’s supply of midazolam, a drug that has been employed in executions. The compressed schedule drew criticism from across the nation, including from a group of former and current corrections officials; also at issue was the state’s intended use of midazolam as the initial sedative, given that the drug had failed to render condemned prisoners completely unconscious in previous executions. The means by which the state had acquired the drugs for execution also proved controversial—one supplier later filed suit against the state, insisting it had been misled as to the intended use of the drug, while the state’s supply of potassium chloride was “donated” anonymously in a parking lot. Various court rulings canceled the first three executions scheduled for April 2017. However, on April 20, the state executed Ledell Lee after the U.S. Supreme Court denied his last appeals, marking the first execution in Arkansas since 2005. On April 24, 2017, the state executed Jack Jones and Marcel Williams, the first time any state had carried out a double execution since 2010. Kenneth Williams was executed three days later.

On November 1, 2018, the Arkansas Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a law that allowed the state prison director the authority to determine the competency of death-row inmates prior to execution. On June 1, 2020, U.S. District Judge Kristine Baker rejected a claim, filed on behalf of seventeen inmates, that use of midazolam violated the constitutional ban on cruel and unusual punishment. On August 16, 2022, the Eighth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals affirmed Baker’s ruling.

The following chart of those executions conducted at the county level is adapted, with permission, from a number of sources, including the the Winter 2020 issue of the Arkansas Family Historian (for most of the executions up through 1899), and the Arkansas Department of Corrections, for those executions carried out at the state level. Some events on this chart, indicated by an asterisk (*), are considered by scholars as more akin to lynchings than to executions.

 

NAME RACE SEX CRIME EXECUTION DATE COUNTY OF EXECUTION (PRE-1913) / COUNTY OF JUDGMENT
DICKINSON, THOMAS WHITE MALE MURDER ? ? 1820 ARKANSAS
STRICKLAND, JACOB WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAY 31 1828 PULASKI
MCKEE, WILLIAM WHITE MALE MURDER MAY 30 1837 PULASKI
BROWN, WILLIAM WHITE MALE MURDER OCT 19 1838 POPE
RICHMOND, JOHN* WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 31 1839 WASHINGTON
BARNES, JAMES* WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 31 1839 WASHINGTON
TURNER, JACK* WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 31 1839 WASHINGTON
BAILEY, WILLIAM* WHITE MALE MURDER DEC 1839 WASHINGTON
FRANK BLACK MALE RAPE DEC 22 1843 CRAWFORD
DENNIS BLACK MALE RAPE DEC 22 1843 CRAWFORD
BURNETT, CRAWFORD WHITE MALE MURDER NOV 8 1845 WASHINGTON
BURNETT, LAVINIA WHITE FEMALE MURDER NOV 8 1845 WASHINGTON
BURNETT, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER DEC 26 1845 WASHINGTON
DOWDY, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER APR 25 1847 OUACHITA
DOGHEAD, GLORY NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER FEB 4 1853 BENTON
WHITE, BUCK NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER ? 1854 FRANKLIN
RANDALL BLACK MALE MURDER AUG 1 1856 WASHINGTON
BEARD, WILLIS WHITE MALE ? MAY 1857 CRAWFORD
BASS, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY ? 1858 ?
LEWIS, DAVID S. WHITE MALE MURDER APR 29 1859 INDEPENDENCE
COSGROVE, CHARLES WHITE MALE MURDER JUN 10 1859 PULASKI
DAVIS, ROBERT WHITE MALE MURDER JAN 18 1861 CRAWFORD
ALFRED, (STEPHENS?) BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 8 1861 WASHINGTON
DODD, DAVID O. WHITE MALE SPYING-ESPION-AGE JAN 8 1864 PULASKI
EARNEST, JEREMIAH WHITE MALE MURDER MAR 18 1864 PULASKI
MILLER, THOMAS JEFFERSON WHITE MALE MURDER MAR 18 1864 PULASKI
COPELAND, A., J. WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 29 1864 SEBASTIAN
NORWOOD, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 29 1864 SEBASTIAN
CAREY, WILLIAM WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 29 1864 SEBASTIAN
ROWTON, JAMES WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 29 1864 SEBASTIAN
MCBROOM, ALEXANDER WHITE MALE DESERTION AND LARCENY APR 21 1865 SEBASTIAN
PATTERSON, FRANKLIN WHITE MALE MURDER MAY 5 1865 SEBASTIAN
ROSS, DAVE ? MALE MURDER SEP 3 1869 ?
MCCURTAIN, AMOS NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUN 24 1870 CRAWFORD
GRUNDY, JERDON BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 3 1871 ?
ROSEBOROUGH, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 10 1871 CRITTENDEN
HARRIS, HENRY BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 10 1871 CRITTENDEN
BREWER, BROWN BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 2 1873 WHITE
CHILDERS, JOHN NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER AUG 15 1873 SEBASTIAN
YOUNG, WOLF NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JAN 10 1873 SEBASTIAN
TUN-NE-HA NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JAN 10 1873 SEBASTIAN
SIX, KILLER NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JAN 10 1873 SEBASTIAN
WATKINS, WILLIAM WHITE MALE MURDER APR 27 1873 WHITE
BILLY, JOHN NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER APR 3 1874 SEBASTIAN
POINTER, JOHN NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER APR 3 1874 SEBASTIAN
FILMORE, ISAAC NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER APR 3 1874 SEBASTIAN
WALLACE, SIDNEY WHITE MALE MURDER APR 13 1874 JOHNSON
IMPSON, MCLISH NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JAN 15 1875 SEBASTIAN
EVANS, DANIEL WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 3 1875 SEBASTIAN
MOORE, JAMES WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 3 1875 SEBASTIAN
WHITTINGTON, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY SEP 3 1875 SEBASTIAN
FOOY, SAM NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER-ROBBERY SEP 3 1875 SEBASTIAN
MANKILLER, SMOKER NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER SEP 3 1875 SEBASTIAN
CAMPBELL, EDWARD BLACK MALE MURDER SEP 3 1875 SEBASTIAN
THOMPSON, WILLIAM B. WHITE MALE MURDER DEC 17 1875 CONWAY
HAMMON, CORNELIUS ? MALE MURDER JAN 14 1876 BENTON
ISHTONUBBEE, GIBSON NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER-ROBBERY APR 21 1876 SEBASTIAN
SEELY, ISHAM NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER-ROBBERY APR 21 1876 SEBASTIAN
LEACH, WILLIAM WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY APR 21 1876 SEBASTIAN
MCGEE, ORPHEUS NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER APR 21 1876 SEBASTIAN
WILSON, AARON BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY APR 21 1876 SEBASTIAN
JACKSON, TATE BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 1876 MONROE
PETERS, SAMUEL NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER SEP 8 1876 SEBASTIAN
SANDERS, OSEE NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER SEP 8 1876 SEBASTIAN
VALLEY, JOHN NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER SEP 8 1876 SEBASTIAN
WILSON, SINKER NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER SEP 8 1876 SEBASTIAN
TRAMMELL, ALBERT BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 28 1877 NEVADA
DIXON, GILES BLACK MALE MURDER SEP 1877 HOT SPRING
STANER, TOM WHITE MALE MURDER NOV 2 1877 SALINE
BALDWIN, WILLIAM BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 3 1878 MILLER
LEVELS, JACOB BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 21 1878 PULASKI
ANDERSON, CLINT BLACK MALE RAPE AUG 30 1878 PULASKI
DIGGS, JAMES BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 20 1878 SEBASTIAN
POSTOAK, JOHN NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER DEC 20 1878 SEBASTIAN
TAYLOR, HENRY BLACK MALE RAPE JUN 27 1879 ST FRANCIS
STEWART, HENRI WHITE MALE MURDER AUG 29 1879 SEBASTIAN
WILEY, WILLIAM WHITE MALE MURDER AUG 29 1879 SEBASTIAN
LANCASTER, ROBERT WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 12 1879 INDEPENDENCE
WHITLEY, MARCUS WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 26 1879 RANDOLPH
KEMP, JOSEPH WHITE MALE MURDER JAN 3 1879 SHARP
MILLER, JAMES HOWARD WHITE MALE MURDER FEB 27 1880 FRANKLIN
FORD, L. L. WHITE MALE MURDER MAY 28 1880 CRITTENDEN
EDMONDS, THOMAS WHITE MALE MURDER MAY 28 1880 FRANKLIN
BINNS, WILLIAM BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 11 1880 BRADLEY
SANFORD, GEORGE BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 9 1880 MISSISSIPPI
MCKEE, RICHARD BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 9 1880 MISSISSIPPI
HUEY, CAL WHITE MALE MURDER JAN 13 1881 MISSISSIPPI
BENNETT, RUSH BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 4 1881 UNION
DENNISON, HENRY BLACK MALE MURDER APR 15 1881 PRAIRIE
WHITE, HAYES BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 10 1881 CRITTENDEN
GREEN, ISAAC BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 15 1881 LEE
HARDIN, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 15 1881 LEE
REEVES, WILLIS BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 15 1881 CRAWFORD
GREEN, GEORGE BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 22 1881 SEBASTIAN
BROWN, WILLIAM WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 9 1881 SEBASTIAN
MANLEY, ABLER (ABNER) NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER SEP 9 1881 SEBASTIAN
MANLEY, AMOS NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER SEP 9 1881 SEBASTIAN
MCGOWAN, PATRICK WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 9 1881 SEBASTIAN
PADGETT, GEORGE WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 9 1881 SEBASTIAN
JONES, CHARLES* BLACK MALE ASSAULT OCT 31 1881 JOHNSON
JACKSON, BOGE BLACK MALE MURDER NOV 18 1881 ASHLEY
HALL, FRANK BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 9 1881 PULASKI
EDMUNDS, HOWARD WHITE MALE MURDER DEC 9 1881 BRADLEY
BROWN, WHIT BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY FEB 24 1882 JEFFERSON
TAYLOR, LUTHER WHITE MALE MURDER APR 21 1882 CLAY
FULSOM, EDWARD ? MALE MURDER JUN 30 1882 SEBASTIAN
GARRETT, ED BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 26 1883 MILLER
WALKER, NICK BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 23 1883 PULASKI
JACOBS, JOHN NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER APR 13 1883 SEBASTIAN
MASSEY, ROBERT WHITE MALE MURDER APR 13 1883 SEBASTIAN
BLALOCK, JERRY ? MALE MURDER MAY 11 1883 JACKSON
HINTON, JACK ? MALE MURDER MAY 25 1883 PHILLIPS
TAYLOR, JACK WHITE MALE MURDER MAY 25 1883 MONROE
YOUNG, JOSEPH BLACK MALE RAPE MAY 25 1883 LITTLE RIVER
HERNDON, JAMES WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUN 22 1883 JOHNSON
JOHNSON, GOVE WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUN 22 1883 JOHNSON
JOHNSON, JAMES WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUN 22 1883 JOHNSON
MCDONALD, MONROE WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUN 22 1883 JOHNSON
FINCH, WILLIAM BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 29 1883 SEBASTIAN
JOSEPH, MARTIN BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 29 1883 SEBASTIAN
TEE-O-LIT-ES NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JUN 29 1883 SEBASTIAN
CASAT, DENO WHITE MALE MURDER AUG 17 1883 PULASKI
JOHNSON, WILLIAM BLACK MALE MURDER OCT 12 1883 DREW
UNDERWOOD, JAMES WHITE MALE MURDER DEC 7 1883 YELL
WHEEZMORE, JOHN ? MALE ? ? 1884 ?
ROSE, HENRY BLACK MALE MURDER APR 4 1884 MISSISSIPPI
WRIGHT, CHARLES BLACK MALE MURDER APR 25 1884 HOWARD
TUCKER, JAMES BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 30 1884 LOGAN
WALKER, DOCK BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 29 1884 MILLER
WOMANKILLER,  JACK NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JUL 11 1884 SEBASTIAN
THOMPSON, THOMAS WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 11 1884 SEBASTIAN
DAVIS, JOHN NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JUL 11 1884 SEBASTIAN
WILLIAMS, FRANK BLACK MALE MURDER AUG 1 1884 JEFFERSON
BOGARD, JOE BLACK MALE RAPE AUG 27 1884 LONOKE
CASEY, FRANK BLACK MALE MURDER NOV 26 1884 PULASKI
FRAZIER, ABE BLACK MALE MURDER NOV 28 1884 BRADLEY
MELTON, FAYETTE WHITE MALE MURDER JAN 30 1885 CLAY
JOHNSON, RUSH BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 12 1885 PULASKI
PARKER, LIGE BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 12 1885 PULASKI
PHILLIPS, WILLIAM WHITE MALE MURDER APR 17 1885 SEBASTIAN
MOFFATT, COLUMBUS WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY APR 24 1885 POLK
ROGERS, OLIVER BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 8 1885 COLUMBIA
JACKSON, GOODWIN BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 22 1885 MONROE
ARCENE, JAMES NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JUN 26 1885 SEBASTIAN
PARCHMEAL, WILLIAM NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JUN 26 1885 SEBASTIAN
DORTICH, RUFUS BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 26 1885 LEE
AKLES, DAVID BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 17 1885 PHILLIPS
BURNETT, HENRY BLACK MALE MURDER AUG 26 1885 LONOKE
PEGUES, CHRIS BLACK MALE MURDER OCT 9 1885 WOODRUFF
JACKSON, JOSEPH BLACK MALE MURDER APR 23 1886 SEBASTIAN
WASSON, JAMES WHITE MALE MURDER APR 23 1886 SEBASTIAN
CARROLL, GEORGE WHITE MALE MURDER APR 30 1886 WHITE
ARMSTRONG, J. M. WHITE MALE MURDER APR 30 1886 PERRY
BARNES, LEE WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAY 21 1886 POPE
JAMES, CALVIN NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JUL 23 1886 SEBASTIAN
SPROLE, LINCOLN WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 23 1886 SEBASTIAN
ROSS, KIT NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER AUG 6 1886 SEBASTIAN
ECHOLS, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER JAN 14 1887 SEBASTIAN
STEPHENS, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 14 1887 SEBASTIAN
LAMB, JAMES WHITE MALE MURDER JAN 14 1887 SEBASTIAN
ODELL, ALBERT WHITE MALE MURDER JAN 14 1887 SEBASTIAN
CHAMBERS, ABE BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 21 1887 JACKSON
JOHNSON, AMOS BLACK MALE RAPE MAR 25 1887 CRITTENDEN
MCCARTY, PATRICK WHITE MALE MURDER APR 8 1887 SEBASTIAN
HAMPTON, SILAS NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JAN 7 1887 SEBASTIAN
KALIJAH, SEABORN NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JAN 7 1887 SEBASTIAN
SIMMONS, JOE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY OCT 21 1887 WOODRUFF
PETERS, ALBERT BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 30 1887 LEE
CROW, JACKSON NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER APR 27 1888 SEBASTIAN
MOSS, GEORGE BLACK MALE MURDER APR 27 1888 SEBASTIAN
HILL, OWEN BLACK MALE MURDER APR 27 1888 SEBASTIAN
BOGLES, GUS BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 6 1888 SEBASTIAN
BLACKMON, HUGH BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 26 1888 ?
SMITH, RICHARD NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JAN 25 1889 SEBASTIAN
GREEN, WILLIS BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 15 1889 CLARK
MITCHELL, ANDERSON BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 15 1889 CLARK
JONES, DANIEL BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 15 1889 CLARK
ALLEN, MALACHI BLACK MALE MURDER APR 19 1889 SEBASTIAN
MILLS, JAMES BLACK MALE MURDER APR 19 1889 SEBASTIAN
SPANIARD, JACK NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER AUG 30 1889 SEBASTIAN
WALKER, WILLIAM BLACK MALE MURDER AUG 30 1889 SEBASTIAN
AUSTIN, HARRIS NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JAN 16 1890 SEBASTIAN
BILLEE, JOHN NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JAN 16 1890 SEBASTIAN
WILLIS, THOMAS NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JAN 16 1890 SEBASTIAN
JONES, JEFFERSON NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JAN 16 1890 SEBASTIAN
GOIN, SAM NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JAN 16 1890 SEBASTIAN
BURRIS, JIMMON NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JAN 16 1890 SEBASTIAN
TOBLER, GEORGE ? MALE MURDER JAN 30 1890 SEBASTIAN
STANSBERRY, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 9 1890 SEBASTIAN
COMPTON, BOUDINOT WHITE MALE MURDER JUN 30 1891 SEBASTIAN
WILLIAMS, ROBERT BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 15 1891 JEFFERSON
WHITE, ISOM BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUL 31 1891 PHILLIPS
BUSBY, SHEPARD WHITE MALE MURDER APR 27 1892 SEBASTIAN
BAILEY, THOMAS BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 6 1892 PULASKI
SLAUGHTER, L. D. BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 6 1892 PULASKI
SPEERS, J. E. WHITE MALE MURDER MAY 27 1892 COLUMBIA
THORNTON, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER JUN 28 1892 SEBASTIAN
BLACK, WILLIAM BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 28 1892 JEFFERSON
HUDSPETH, ANDREW J. WHITE MALE MURDER DEC 30 1892 BOONE
CARTER, NATHAN BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 19 1893 PHILLIPS
TATUM, LUKE BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 31 1893 OUACHITA
CALDWELL, CHARLES BLACK MALE MURDER APR 27 1893 CRAIGHEAD
DAVIS, MILLER WHITE MALE MURDER NOV 10 1893 HOWARD
BRADY, THOMAS WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY APR 6 1894 JACKSON
MANSKER, ALBERT WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY APR 6 1894 JACKSON
WYRICK, J., L. WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY APR 6 1894 JACKSON
VAUGHN, SAMUEL WHITE MALE MURDER APR 27 1894 WASHINGTON
PETTUS, PHILLIP BLACK MALE MURDER AUG 24 1894 PHILLIPS
POINTER, JOHNNY WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 24 1894 SEBASTIAN
HOLDER, LEWIS WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY NOV 2 1894 SEBASTIAN
OWENS, WILLIAM BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 30 1895 LINCOLN
JOHNSON, ANTHONY BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 21 1895 DESHA
NEWMAN, WILLIAM WHITE MALE MURDER NOV 8 1895 VAN BUREN
DUPREE, AMOS BLACK MALE MURDER NOV 15 1895 PRAIRIE
JONES, JESSE WHITE MALE MURDER DEC 6 1895 FRANKLIN
WARD, GEORGE NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JAN 24 1896 CRAWFORD
TURNER, PRUITT BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 28 1896 CRAWFORD
GOLDSBY, CRAWFORD NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER MAR 17 1896 SEBASTIAN
ANDERSON, MARSHALL BLACK MALE MURDER APR 24 1896 HOT SPRING
ISAACS, WEBBER NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER APR 30 1896 SEBASTIAN
PEARCE, GEORGE WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY APR 30 1896 SEBASTIAN
PEARCE, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY APR 30 1896 SEBASTIAN
PHILLIPS, JORDAN BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 22 1896 ARKANSAS
BUCK, RUFUS NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JUL 1 1896 SEBASTIAN
DAVIS, LEWIS NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JUL 1 1896 SEBASTIAN
DAVIS, LUCKY BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 1 1896 SEBASTIAN
JULY, MAOMI NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JUL 1 1896 SEBASTIAN
SAMPSON, SAM NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER JUL 1 1896 SEBASTIAN
WILSON, GEORGE ? MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUL 30 1896 SEBASTIAN
CASHAREGO, JAMES WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUL 30 1896 SEBASTIAN
HAMILTON, CHARLES WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 11 1896 LOGAN
DAVIS, JIM BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 25 1897 JEFFERSON
COX, ROBERT BLACK MALE RAPE FEB 25 1897 JEFFERSON
JOHNSON, WILLIAM BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 19 1897 ASHLEY
ROSE, ELLIS BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 7 1898 CRAIGHEAD
MILLS, LEE WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 16 1898 CLEBURNE
YEARGIN, ALBERT BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 17 1898 MISSISSIPPI
CLYBURN, CHARLES WHITE MALE MURDER AUG 5 1898 NEVADA
FLEMING, COLEMAN “FLUKE” BLACK MALE RAPE AUG 5 1898 DESHA
BRINKLEY, ALEX WHITE MALE MURDER OCT 14 1898 CONWAY
MUNN, CHARLES BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY DEC 2 1898 PHILLIPS
MAXEY, JOHN BLACK MALE RAPE AUG 4 1899 CRAWFORD
CLARK, DOUGLAS BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 1 1899 CHICOT
FRENCH, WALTER BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 26 1900 MISSISSIPPI
WESTBROOK, HARDY BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 11 1901 CRITTENDEN
JAMES, JOSHUA BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 1 1901 CHICOT
BROOKS, HENRY BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 8 1901 LITTLE RIVER
GRAVES, KIRBY BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 8 1901 LITTLE RIVER
JOHNSON, WILL (BILL) BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 8 1901 LITTLE RIVER
WESLEY, JOHN BLACK MALE RAPE MAR 23 1901 CLARK
BLACK, WILL BLACK MALE MURDER APR 10 1901 COLUMBIA
WILSON, HENRY BLACK MALE MURDER APR 10 1901 COLUMBIA
BATEMAN, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 28 1901 CRITTENDEN
ANDERSON, CHARLES BLACK MALE RAPE JUL 26 1901 PULASKI
PIPKIN (PIPPIN), ESSEX BLACK MALE RAPE OCT 11 1901 CROSS
WILSON, BUD BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 6 1901 YELL
CANNON, FRANK BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 13 1901 PHILLIPS
KELLY, WILLIAM BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 13 1901 PHILLIPS
COPELAND, JASPER BLACK MALE CRIMINAL ASSAULT JAN 24 1902 MISSISSIPPI
DUNLAP, LAWRENCE BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 28 1902 DESHA
JOBE, DAVID BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 28 1902 DESHA
HELTON, KIT WHITE MALE MURDER MAR 7 1902 CRAWFORD
LESANE, HENRY BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 16 1902 LEE
HEMBREE, LATHE WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 25 1902 HOWARD
NOLIN (NOLAND), DEE BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 25 1902 HEMPSTEAD
SIMS (SIMMS), TOM BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 25 1902 HEMPSTEAD
MCWHORTER, DAVID (DAVE) WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 25 1902 CRAWFORD
TANNER, CY (SY)(C.Y.) BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 25 1902 ST. FRANCIS
KITTS, JAMES (JIM) BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 25 1902 DESHA
CARTER, JERRY (JERY) BLACK MALE MURDER SEP 19 1902 CHICOT
GRANT, WALLACE BLACK MALE MURDER SEP 26 1902 JACKSON
MAHONE, HALL (HAL) BLACK MALE RAPE NOV 7 1902 CRAWFORD
CROSS, DAVID BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 12 1902 CROSS
GREEN (GREENE), JAMES (JAY) BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 20 1903 LINCOLN
RUFFIN, JAMES BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 20 1903 LINCOLN
UNDERWOOD, FREDERICK (FRED) WHITE MALE MURDER JUN 19 1903 JOHNSON
DURHAM, GEORGE (CHARLES) WHITE MALE MURDER JUN 19 1903 JOHNSON
DIAMOND, WILL BLACK MALE MURDER AUG 14 1903 CRITTENDEN
WILLIAMS, JIM BLACK MALE MURDER SEP 4 1903 DESHA
HARPER, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 12 1904 COLUMBIA
BELL, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 29 1904 MONROE
WILLIAMS, PINK BLACK MALE MURDER APR 15 1904 PHILLIPS
VOWELL, MART WHITE MALE MURDER JUN 9 1904 GREENE
DAVIS, ELISHA BLACK MALE RAPE JUN 25 1904 JEFFERSON
MATTHEWS, ALBERT BLACK MALE MURDER JUL OR SEP 7 1904 UNION
BREWER, NATHAN WHITE MALE MURDER, ROBBERY JUL 9 1904 GREENE
JONES, BILL BLACK MALE MURDER AUG 1 1904 LAWRENCE
CAUSBY, ROBERT WHITE MALE MURDER NOV 25 1904 INDEPENDENCE
HUEY, ED BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 2 1904 UNION
JONES, WILL BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 16 1904 PHILLIPS
CARTER, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 7 1905 LEE
BUCKNER, WILLIAM BLACK MALE MURDER ROBBERY MAR 10 1905 ASHLEY
POWELL, ELIAS BLACK MALE MURDER APR 6 1905 MILLER
INCE, JAMES WHITE MALE MURDER APR 4 1906 YELL
BEAR, JACK BLACL MALE MURDER JUL 20 1906 MISSISSIPPI
THOMPSON, JOE BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 22 1909 HEMPSTEAD
STEPHENS, ISAAC BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 22 1909 PHILLIPS
STINNETT, CHARLES BLACK MALE RAPE MARCH 24 1909 BOONE
CROSBY, HENRY ? MALE MURDER JAN 1 1910 MISSISSIPPI
MULLINS, CHARLES BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 19 1910 MISSISSIPPI
MULLINS, WILL BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 19 1910 MISSISSIPPI
HAMMONS, CHARLES WHITE MALE RAPE MAR 7 1910 CONWAY
HOGUE, WALTER ? MALE MURDER MAR 11 1910 PERRY
HARDING, HENRY WHITE MALE MURDER MAY 6 1910 CROSS
ADKINS, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER MAY 26 1910 PERRY
MILLER, C. M. WHITE MALE MURDER ROBBERY AUG 12 1910 POINSETT
POE, HARRY BLACK MALE RAPE SEP 2 1910 GARLAND
PEARCE, THOMAS WHITE MALE MURDER APR 21 1911 LITTLE RIVER
VEAUDOO, PLEAS BLACK MALE RAPE APR 21 1911 PULASKI
SMITH, JESSE BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 15 1911 LEE
RINGER, NED BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 15 1911 LEE
HILL, HENRY BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 15 1911 LEE
HARRIS, CHARLEY BLACK MALE RAPE JAN 5 1912 MONROE
MCELVAIN, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER JAN 26 1912 MISSISSIPPI
COATS, HENRY WHITE MALE MURDER JAN 26 1912 MISSISSIPPI
THOMAS, SYLVESTER BLACK MALE RAPE JAN 26 1912 PHILLIPS
NICHOLS, W. T. WHITE MALE MURDER JUN 7 1912 JEFFERSON
POWELL, TIM BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 21 1912 LEE
JACKSON, DINK BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 5 1912 ST FRANCIS
REED, ANDREW BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 5 1912 ST FRANCIS
SPINKS, AMOS BLACK MALE MURDER SEP 27 1912 PULASKI
WOODS, HARVEY BLACK MALE MURDER SEP 27 1912 PRAIRIE
GLAUBITZ, FERDINAND WHITE MALE MURDER NOV 1 1912 FRANKLIN
DRIVER, DOCK WHITE MALE MURDER JAN 31 1913 LAWRENCE
SCHUMANN, CLARENCE WHITE MALE MURDER JUN 2 1913 GARLAND
WOOD, ELIJAH BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 14 1913 PULASKI
GAYLORD, ALVIN BLACK MALE MURDER ROBBERY JUL 28 1913 CONWAY
DAVIDSON, OTIS (ODUS) WHITE MALE MURDER RAPE AUG 11 1913 BOONE
SIMMS, LEE BLACK MALE RAPE SEP 9 OR 11 1913 PRAIRIE
DAVIS, OMER WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 11 1913 LOGAN
KING, ED BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 12 1913 ASHLEY
KING, WILL BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 14 1914 POINSETT
PELTON, FRED BLACK MALE RAPE OR MURDER MAR 28 1914 LINCOLN
TILLMAN, ARTHUR (JOHN) WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 15 1914 LOGAN
NEELEY, WILL BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 8 1914 UNION
HODGES, ARTHUR WHITE MALE MURDER DEC 18 1914 CLARK
SIMMS, CLAY BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 19 1915 DESHA
OWENS, WALTER BLACK MALE MURDER APR 2 1915 CRAIGHEAD
HALL, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER APR 2 1915 CRAIGHEAD
DERRICK, SAM WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 28 1915 MONROE
HAWKINS, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAR 13 1917 LITTLE RIVER
SMITH, HENRY BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 13 OR 31 1917 CRITTENDEN
JOHNSON, AARON BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 22 1917 DESHA
DIGGS, TOM BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 22 1917 CONWAY
DATRON (DAFFRON), SOLOMON (SOLOMAN) BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 26 1918 POLK
CAUGHRON, BEN WHITE MALE MURDER AUG 23 1918 POLK
TOBAY, VICK NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER-ROBBERY AUG 14 1920 WASHINGTON
COOPER, CHARLIE BLACK MALE MURDER NOV 19 1920 OUACHITA
REYNOLDS, REVERTIA BLACK MALE MURDER APR 29 1921 LINCOLN
CLARKE, VIRGIL BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 17 1921 CHICOT
RATCLIFF, AMOS WHITE MALE MURDER JAN OR OCT 14 1921 CARROLL
PRICE, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 30 1921 PHILLIPS
WELLS (WILLIS), JAMES BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 10 1922 DREW
BULLEN, E. G. WHITE MALE MURDER FEB 2 1923 ASHLEY
RICHARDSON, BEN WHITE MALE MURDER FEB 2 1923 ASHLEY
RICHARDSON, DUNCAN WHITE MALE MURDER FEB 2 1923 ASHLEY
DEBORD, WILL WHITE MALE MURDER FEB 2 1923 STONE
SEASE, HERBERT WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 27 1923 BAXTER
OWENS, JOHN WHITE MALE MURDER AUG 24 1923 LITTLE RIVER
SULLIVAN, JOE WHITE MALE MURDER APR 18 1924 PULASKI
BETTIS, WILL BLACK MALE MURDER-RAPE JUN 27 1924 CRAWFORD
RUCKS, SPURGEON BLACK MALE MURDER-RAPE JUN 27 1924 CRAWFORD
FLOWERS, PARK (PERK) BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 26 1925 COLUMBIA
BUSTER, JACK BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 26 1925 JEFFERSON
KELLEY, J. C. WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY NOV 13 1925 PULASKI
CLARK, TYRUS WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JAN 8 1926 BENTON
HARRIS, AARON BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 8 1926 ASHLEY
WALKER, LEE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY FEB 5 1926 UNION
EDMONS, ROY BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY FEB 5 1926 UNION
MASON, CLINT BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 12 1926 OUACHITA
JONES, ISHMAN BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 12 1926 OUACHITA
JOHNSON, CEPHUS (CAPHUS) BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 12 1926 OUACHITA
CANADY, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 12 1926 OUACHITA
JONES, ALBERT BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 9 1926 MISSISSIPPI
MARTIN, WILLIE BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 9 1926 PULASKI
DIXON, LONNIE BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 24 1927 PULASKI
CATHEY, HORACE BLACK MALE MURDER SEP 2 1927 MONROE
MARTIN, BOOKER BLACK MALE MURDER SEP 2 1927 MONROE
MCKENZIE, WILL BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 30 1928 OUACHITA
EUTSEY, WILLIE BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 30 1928 OUACHITA
BROWN, SINNER (SIMMER) BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 10 1928 CHICOT OR HEMPSTEAD
ROBINSON, PETE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY SEP 10 1928 UNION
EVERS, BEN BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 24 1930 ARKANSAS
GREEN, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAR 21 1930 LITTLE RIVER
BROWN, MACK BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAR 21 1930 LITTLE RIVER
ALFORD, AMBROSIA (AMERSOIA) BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUN 20 1930 OUACHITA
NOLAN, BUD BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUL 25 1930 LITTLE RIVER
HOWELL, W. H. ? MALE MURDER AUG 15 1930 CRAWFORD
WASHINGTON, GEORGE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY NOV 14 1930 PULASKI
LONG, EDDIE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY NOV 14 1930 PULASKI
DAVIS, WILLIE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY NOV 14 1930 PULASKI
TURNAGE, JAMES BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY NOV 14 1930 PULASKI
LAWSON, JAMES BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 31 1931 BRADLEY
MCBRYDE, LOUIE BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 8 1932 CLARK
DANIELS, FREELING BLACK MALE RAPE NOV 25 1932 MILLER
HILL, GEORGE BLACK MALE RAPE JUN 30 1933 PHILLIPS
WILLIAMS, WOODIE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUL 14 1933 PULASKI
MCDANIELS, LEN BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 8 1933 LONOKE
BANKS, J. C. BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 8 1933 PULASKI
BUTLER, BENJAMIN (BEN) BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 9 1934 CRAIGHEAD
JACKSON, LUTHER BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAY 11 1934 PULASKI
MITCHELL, PURCELL BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY NOV 2 1934 UNION
ROSE, ROBERT WHITE MALE MURDER FEB 23 1935 INDEPENDENCE
BARNES, FRANK WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAR 1 1935 MISSISSIPPI
SHANK, MARK WHITE MALE MURDER MAR 8 1935 SALINE
FREEMAN, TOM BLACK MALE MURDER AUG 23 1935 CHICOT
NELSON, PAUL WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY SEP 28 1935 JACKSON
BARNES, BILL WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY SEP 28 1935 MISSISSIPPI
DOBBS, FRANK WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY NOV 1 0R 11 1935 SALINE
NELSON, MACK BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 13 1935 MISSISSIPPI
HAWKINS, BEN BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 13 1935 MISSISSIPPI
HOUSE, ROY WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JAN OR OCT 23 1936 GARLAND
TURNER, DENNIS WHITE MALE MURDER NOV 6 1936 CALHOUN
MCCORMICK, FARLANDER BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY DEC 11 1936 DREW
WHITE, BEVERLEY BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY DEC 11 1936 DREW
SMITH, WILLIE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY DEC 11 1936 DREW
MEDLOCK (HATTOCK), CLINTON BLACK MALE MURDER APR 23 1937 CALHOUN
AUSTIN, JAMES, JR BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAY 14 1937 GARLAND
HUTTO, TOM WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 3 OR 24 1937 UNION
EDWARDS, SANDY BLACK MALE MURDER SEP 24 1937 HEMPSTEAD
AMOS, JESSIE BLACK MALE RAPE JAN OR OCT 15 1937 LONOKE
PIGUE, DUNCAN BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 4 1938 LONOKE
WARE, LEROY BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 25 1938 ASHLEY
NOBLE, WILLIE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAR 11 1938 MILLER
BROCKELHURST, LESTER WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAR 18 1938 LONOKE
SIMS, JOE WHITE MALE MURDER MAR 18 1938 SALINE
CARTER, FRANK BLACK MALE RAPE JUN 24 1938 CRITTENDEN
THOMAS, THEO BLACK MALE RAPE JUN 24 1938 CRITTENDEN
ANDERSON, JOE WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAR 10 1939 GARLAND
DICKERSON, FRED WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAY 19 1939 GARLAND
ARNELL, FRED BLACK MALE RAPE MAY 19 1939 MILLER
WILLIAMS, SYLVESTER BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 30 1939 JEFFERSON
CLAYTON, BUBBLES BLACK MALE RAPE JUN 30 1939 MISSISSIPPI
CARUTHERS, JAMES BLACK MALE RAPE JUN 30 1939 MISSISSIPPI
WILLIAMS, MILTON BLACK MALE MURDER-RAPE AUG 18 1939 PULASKI
CHARLES, JAMES, JR. BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JAN 19 1940 PULASKI
MANNING, OTIS BLACK MALE MURDER APR 12 1940 UNION
GULLEY, JACK BLACK MALE MURDER NOV 15 1940 NEVADA
DILLARD, JAMES BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 13 1940 DESHA
MOONEY, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 24 1941 WOODRUFF
PAYTON, A. C. (J.) BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 15 1941 CRITTENDEN
LEWIS, PERCY BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 6 1941 PHILLIPS
RINEY, JOHN BLACK MALE RAPE JUN 20 1941 DESHA
WASHINGTON, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER JAN OR OCT 11 1941 WHITE
HERRON, JIMMIE BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 23 1942 LITTLE RIVER
ADAMS, BEN WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JUN 5 1942 WOODRUFF
JONES, A. T. BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 31 1942 PHILLIPS
ALLISON, STONEY BLACK MALE RAPE NOV 20 1942 DESHA
LUCKYANDO (LUCKYRADO), A. D. BLACK MALE MURDER NOV 20 1942 LONOKE
THOMAS, ADOLPH BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 19 1943 COLUMBIA
THOMPSON, HARRY (HENRY) BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY AUG 6 1943 CLEVELAND
MACK, SEKE BLACK MALE MURDER JUN 2 1944 MISSISSIPPI
HUDSON, WALKER BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 7 1944 CLARK
TACKER, JIM WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 14 1944 CRITTENDEN
CLINGHAM, LEVI BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 1 1944 CRITTENDEN
BROWN, TONY BLACK MALE MURDER MAR 30 1945 MISSISSIPPI
YATES, JAMES BLACK MALE MURDER MAY 25 1945 ARKANSAS
HALL, JAMES WHITE MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JAN 4 1946 PULASKI
RILEY, WILLIE BLACK MALE MURDER APR 12 1946 CHICOT
CHITWOOD, ELTON WHITE MALE MURDER NOV 22 1946 POLK
THOMAS, ANDREW BLACK MALE MURDER NOV 29 1946 JEFFERSON
HOLMES, CLIFTON BLACK MALE RAPE JAN 10 1947 JEFFERSON
HODGES, ALBERT BLACK MALE RAPE JAN 17 1947 PULASKI
HENLEY, JEFF, JR BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 24 1947 LEE
BATES, VOLLIE WHITE MALE MURDER MAY 16 1947 POLK
DUKES, LAWRENCE BLACK MALE MURDER-RAPE AUG 8 1947 ST FRANCIS
JOHNSON, CUBIE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY AUG 8 1947 PULASKI
HYDE, JAMES WHITE MALE MURDER FEB 13 1948 CARROLL
PUGH, EDMOND (EDWARD) BLACK MALE RAPE JUL 2 1948 PULASKI
PALMER, MIZELL BLACK MALE RAPE JUN OR JUL 17 1949 PULASKI
RORIE, HARVIE WHITE MALE MURDER JUL 22 1949 JEFFERSON
PIERCE, WALTER BLACK MALE MURDER DEC 9 1949 CHICOT
HILDRETH (HILBRETH), WESLEY BLACK MALE RAPE JAN OR DEC 16 OR 23 1949 PHILLIPS
BLACK, THOMAS WHITE MALE MURDER MAR 10 1950 PULASKI
NEEDHAM, HOLLIS WHITE MALE RAPE MAR 17 1950 MISSISSIPPI
SMITH, ROBERT WHITE MALE MURDER APR 24 OR 28 1950 PULASKI
FERGUSON, GEORGE BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 23 1951 PULASKI
EZELL, MATTHEW BLACK MALE MURDER FEB 23 1951 MISSISSIPPI
SMITH, AUBREY BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 27 1951 PHILLIPS
GRAYS, ARTHUR BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY NOV 23 1951 MISSISSIPPI
DORSEY, PETER BLACK MALE MURDER NOV 23 1951 PHILLIPS
MAXWELL, HERMAN BLACK MALE RAPE JUN 6 1952 HEMPSTEAD
WRIGHT, WILSON BLACK MALE MURDER AUG 1 1952 DALLAS
JENKINS, BILL NAT. AMER. MALE MURDER MAY 7 1954 GARLAND
SCARBER, LEO BLACK MALE RAPE SEP 21 1956 NEVADA
SMITH, LAWRENCE BLACK MALE MURDER JUL 24 1959 CHICOT
LEE, LEO BLACK MALE MURDER SEP 25 1959 PULASKI
YOUNG, WILLIAM BLACK MALE MURDER JAN OR OCT 2 1959 MISSISSIPPI
WALKER, THOMAS BLACK MALE MURDER JAN 2 1959 CRITTENDEN
HOUSE, J. T. BLACK MALE MURDER JAN OR OCT 23 1959 PHILLIPS
HAYES, ARTHUR BLACK MALE MURDER JAN OR OCT 23 1959 MISSISSIPPI
MOORE, JAMES BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAY 13 1960 MILLER
BOONE, ROGER BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAY 13 1960 MILLER
BYRD, WILLIE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAY 20 1960 MILLER
BOYD, JAMES BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY MAY 20 1960 MILLER
NAIL, WILLIAM WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 16 1960 JEFFERSON
LEGGETT, EMMETT WHITE MALE MURDER SEP 16 1960 PULASKI
MOORE, LAWRENCE BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JAN OR OCT 28 1960 CRITTENDEN
BRACY, JOHN BLACK MALE MURDER-ROBBERY JAN 28 1960 CHICOT
FIELDS, CHARLES WHITE MALE RAPE MURDER JAN 24 1964 JEFFERSON
SWINDLER, JOHN WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER JUN 18 1990 SEBASTIAN
SIMMONS, RONALD G. WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER JUN 25 1990 FRANKLIN
RECTOR, RICKY RAY BLACK MALE CAP/MURDER JAN 24 1992 FAULKNER
HILL, STEVEN DOUGLAS WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER MAY 7 1992 PULASKI
PICKENS, CHARLES E. BLACK MALE CAP/MURDER MAY 11 1994 PRAIRIE & ARKANSAS
WHITMORE, JONAS WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER MAY 11 1994 SCOTT & MONTGOMERY
CLINES, HOYT WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER AUG 3 1994 BENTON
RICHLEY, DARRYL V. WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER AUG 3 1994 BENTON
HOLMES, JAMES WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER AUG 3 1994 BENTON
SNELL, RICHARD WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER APR 19 1995 MILLER
FAIRCHILD, BARRY LEE BLACK MALE CAP/MURDER AUG 31 1995 LONOKE
PARKER, WILLIAM FRANK WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER AUG 8 1996 BENTON
WAINRIGHT, KIRK BLACK MALE CAP/MURDER JAN 8 1997 NEVADA
RUIZ, PAUL WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER JAN 8 1997 LOGAN
DENTON, EARL VAN WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER JAN 8 1997 LOGAN
PERRY, EUGENE WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER AUG 6 1997 SEBASTIAN
HENDERSON, WILBURN WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER JUL 8 1998 SEBASTIAN
COX, JOHNIE MICHAEL WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER FEB 16 1999 WHITE
PRUETT, MARION A. WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER APR 12 1999 CRAWFORD
WILLETT, ALAN WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER SEP 8 1999 JOHNSON
GARDNER, MARK WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER SEP 8 1999 SEBASTIAN
RIGGS, CHRISTINA WHITE FEMALE CAP/MURDER MAY 2 2000 PULASKI
JOHNSON, DAVID BLACK MALE CAP/MURDER DEC 20 2000 PULASKI
SMITH, CLAY KING WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER MAY 8 2001 JEFFERSON
NOEL, RILEY DOBI BLACK MALE CAP/MURDER JUL 9 2003 PULASKI
SINGLETON, CHARLES BLACK MALE CAP/MURDER JAN 6 2004 ASHLEY
NANCE, ERIC R WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER NOV 29 2005 HOT SPRING
LEE, LEDELLE BLACK MALE CAP/MURDER APR 20 2017 PULASKI
JONES, JACK WHITE MALE CAP/MURDER APR 24 2017 WHITE
WILLIAMS, MARCEL BLACK MALE CAP/MURDER APR 24 2017 PULASKI
WILLIAMS, KENNETH BLACK MALE CAP/MURDER APR 27 2017 LINCOLN

For additional information:
“Arkansas.” Death Penalty Information Center. https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/state-and-federal-info/state-by-state/arkansas (accessed May 13, 2022).

Atkins, Jerry. Hangin’ Times in Fort Smith: A History of Executions in Judge Parker’s Court. Little Rock: Butler Center Books, 2012.

Bayless, Garland E. “The Arkansas Penitentiary under Democratic Control, 1874–1896.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 34 (Autumn 1975): 195–213.

Brown, Robbie. “Arkansas Court Upends Death Penalty.” New York Times, June 23, 2012. Online at http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/23/us/arkansas-justices-strike-down-death-penalty.html?_r=1 (accessed May 13, 2022).

Butler, Virgil. “The Murder of Deputy Sheriff Wheeler and the Trial of His Killer, Robert Rose.” Independence County Chronicle 1 (October 1959): 29–36.

Bynum, John. “Case Notes on State of Arkansas vs. Ronald Gene Simmons.” Pope County Historical Association Quarterly 28 (March 1994): 29–38.

“Capital Punishment Executions in Arkansas, 1820–1899.” Arkansas Family Historian 58 (Winter 2020): 4–11.

“The Case of Lee Barnes, the Last Man Hanged in Pope County.” Pope County Historical Journal 42 (December 2008): 16–25.

Christ, Mark K. “‘Dead! Dead! Dead!’: Nineteenth-Century Public Executions in Pulaski County.” Pulaski County Historical Review 71 (Summer 2023): 55–61.

Crawford, Sybil F. “Gone But Not Forgotten: But Almost.” Pulaski County Historical Review 42 (Summer 1994): 36–45. 

Crosley, Clyde. Unfolding Misconceptions: A Study of the Arkansas Prison System, 1836–1986. Arlington, TX: Liberal Arts Press, 1986.

Gould, Nita. Remembering Ella: A 1912 Murder and Mystery in the Arkansas Ozarks. Little Rock: Butler Center Books, 2018.

Grossman, Mark. Encyclopedia of Capital Punishment. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO Inc., 1998.

“The Hanging of Robert Lancaster.” Independence County Chronicle 8 (April 1972): 42–54.

Huddleston, Duane. “The Execution of David S. Lewis Batesville—April 29, 1859.” Independence County Chronicle 9 (July 1974): 9–12.

Jackson, Bruce. Killing Time: Life in the Arkansas Penitentiary. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1977.

“Joe Kemp Hanged in 1879 for Hulsey Murder in 1869.” Independence County Chronicle 9 (October 1967): 42–50.

Koon, David. “In Matters of Life and Death.” Arkansas Times, November 5, 2015, pp. 14–18, 20–22. Online at https://arktimes.com/news/cover-stories/2015/11/04/in-matters-of-life-and-death (accessed March 19, 2024).

Leflar, Robert A. “Arkansas Criminal Law Reform Movement in 1934–36.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly 5 (Spring 1946): 1–25.

Leus, Christian. “What Remains: Telling the Story of Irene Taylor’s Murder.” MA thesis, University of Mississippi, 2021. Online at https://egrove.olemiss.edu/etd/2024/ (accessed March 19, 2024).

Neal, Jas. P. “The First Legal Execution in Washington County.” Flashback 6 (January 1956): 32–35.

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David L. Rickard
Little Rock, Arkansas

Mark K. Christ
Central Arkansas Library System

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